I recently went to New York, my old stomping ground, for a meeting of the Council of Botanical and Horticultural Librarians (CBHL). They were celebrating their 50th anniversary and were meeting jointly with the European Botanical and Horticultural Libraries Group (EBHL), celebrating 25 years. Despite my lack of library expertise, I went because I’m a CBHL member, induced to join by its great website, listserv, and newsletter. I learn a lot from librarians, particularly when they are involved in things that interest me, namely plants. I definitely learned a great deal at this conference, ate some great meals, and saw many beautiful plants. We met at New York Botanical Garden (NYBG) in the Bronx and also spent a day at Brooklyn Botanic Garden (BBG), both possessors of amazingly beautiful gardens and libraries. Fortunately, the weather was wonderful. This meeting was in mid-June so both gardens were at their best, and it was great to be able to stroll around them between sessions (see photo above).
On the way to BBG, participants had the opportunity to see another impressive garden, the High Line. This is an almost 1.5 mile “linear park” on the West Side of lower Manhattan created out of an elevated railway line that had been unused for years. During that time plants “invaded” the 30-foot-wide expanse, in many areas turning it into green swards. Residents had climbed onto it illegally to enjoy the greenery and began an effort to make it a park. I can remember when this effort began. It seemed quite unrealistic, but it kept gaining support, particularly after 9/11 when the city was looking for ways to restore itself. The High Line is now an amazing horticultural attraction, with beautiful plants and interesting architectural features. After being at NYBG the day before, with its 265 acres, it was very interesting for participants to see what can be done within , literally, much narrower constraints.
Then it was on to Brooklyn where we visited the library, which is located in the original administration building and has a small though beautiful reading room. BBG gave up its science program and herbarium several years ago, a very disturbing decision; its specimens are now on long-term loan to NYBG. The herbarium and storage for the library were located in a building across the street from the garden. The structure needed repair so the herbarium was closed, and the librarians had to either de-acquisition material or move it into the original library’s tight quarters. The process of organizing these resources is still going on. A beautiful room has been built for BBG’s amazing rare book and botanical illustration collection (see photo below). It includes the very large format, 34-volume Banks’ Florilegium of plants from Captain Cook’s first voyage around the world. The head librarian, Kathy Crosby, also displayed a sampling of botanical illustrations created by members of the Brooklyn Botanic Garden Florilegium Society that includes many of the best botanical artists working today.
Needless to say, everyone had another feast for the eyes at NYBG. At the moment, the garden is celebrating the art that Georgia O’Keeffe created in Hawaii, with a number of her works in its art gallery and a display of the plants that inspired her in the conservatory. During our tour of the library, the archivist Stephen Sinon displayed some of its treasures including its oldest book, a manuscript of the herbal Circa Instans from the late 12th century, and one of my favorite’s Johannes Gessner’s Tabulae phytographicae, a guide to flowers using the Linnaean system that has wonderful illustrations. Equally wonderful was a display of herbarium treasures by its director Barbara Thiers, including specimens collected by John Muir, Charles Darwin, and even Thomas Edison. Since the herbarium has about 7.8 million specimens, this gave just a hint of the wonders it contains, including the work of such 20-21st century botanists as Pat and Noel Holmgren who recently completed the seventh and final volume of Intermountain Flora: Vascular Plants of the Intermountain West, USA (2017).
Since this was a library conference, there were presentations on the latest at a number of institutions. Amy Kasameyer, archivist at the University of California, Berkeley Herbarium discussed the development of The Silva Center for Phycological Documentation. Named for Paul Claude Silva (1922-1014), an expert on algae, it includes a library and archives that has been created within the herbarium. This center is a wonderful adjunct to the herbarium’s extensive phycological collection, the second largest in the country. Along with this example of physical collection development, there were also a number of presentations on virtual collections. One was by Deirdre Ryan and Jason Przybylski of JSTOR, which provides access to journals in many fields as well to Artstor for art images and JSTOR Global Plants for botanical journals and over 2 million type specimens, scanned as part of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation’s Global Plants Initiative.
JSTOR now plans to build on this foundation with a collection called JSTOR Plants & Society that would present botanical, horticultural, and ethnobotanical materials making them useful not only to scientists but to students and to the broader public as well. In developing this project, JSTOR worked with the Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection to host a workshop on Botany and the Humanities to explore what is most needed for future collaborations. There’s a fascinating video where the participants discuss the exciting ideas that came out of their meetings. It’s a great window into some wonderful plans for the future particularly about integrating various digital platforms. I hope at least a few of them come to fruition as soon as possible!
Holmgren, N. H., & Holmgren, P. K. (2017). Intermountain Flora: Vascular Plants of the Intermountain West, U.S.A (Vol. 7). New York, NY: New York Botanical Garden.